In total, 163,363 men and women aged 16 or over and free from cancer at the start of the study, were included.
Higher levels of anxiety and depression may increase the risk of death from certain cancers, scientists have warned.
The findings add to the growing evidence that psychological distress could have some predictive capacity for certain physical conditions.
There is some evidence that psychological distress (anxiety and depression) is related to increased rates of cardiovascular disease, but links with different types of cancer are either unclear or untested.
Researchers from University College London and University of Edinburgh in the UK set out to examine if psychological distress is a potential predictor of site specific cancer mortality.