Here are the steps that effectively prevent malaria

Dr RVS Bhalla, Director, Internal Medicine, Fortis Escorts Hospital Faridabad and Dr Ajay Aggarwal, Director, Internal Medicine, Fortis Noida share some essential steps to recognize the early symptoms and ways to tackle malaria:

Early Symptoms:

High fever (up to 105 degrees Fahrenheit) with shaking chills

Profuse sweating when the fever suddenly drops

Fatigue

Headache

Muscle aches

Abdominal discomfort

Nausea, vomiting

Feeling faint while standing or sitting up quickly

Confusion, drowsiness, seizure, coma

Low blood sugar

Jaundice

Decreased urine or Coca Cola coloured urine

Diagnosis:

Blood tests can be conducted to affirm:

Levels of red blood cells

Platelets

Ability of your blood to clot

Blood chemistry

Liver function

Kidney function

People at a higher risk of contracting Malaria:

Infants (children under 5 years of age)

Pregnant women

Patients with HIV/AIDS

Non-immune migrants

Mobile populations

Populations who reside in tropical humid environments

People who reside in unhygienic conditions i.e. near stale dirty water bodies

Prevention:

Use of mosquito coils

Mosquito repellents sprayed on skin

Screening windows and doors

Mosquito proof bed nets

Closed windows during late evenings and early mornings

Wearing protective clothing, such as long sleeve shirts

Avoiding dark coloured clothes

Using Insecticide-treated mosquito nets

Indoor residual spraying

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