What is stress !
Some stress can be positive. A certain level of pressure can help you prepare for actions and challenges. However, too much stress, especially over a long period of time, can cause physical and emotional problems. Many of your body’s control mechanisms happen without you having to think about them. Your automatic stress response to unexpected events is known as your ‘fight or flight’ response.
When you have a shock or perceive something as a threat, your body releases hormones. These are chemicals produced by your body, such as adrenalin, that contribute to your ‘fight or flight’ response. These hormones increase your heart rate and blood pressure so that more oxygen and glucose can get to your muscles. You will also breathe faster and sweat more to cool these muscles down. All of these reactions prepare you to take action to deal with a possible threat. Modern day stresses, such as money worries or deadlines at work, don’t cause an effective ‘fight or flight’ response like we once required for survival. But they do cause your body to release stress hormones. In the short term, stress ‘revs up’ your body and heightens your ability to carry out tasks and meet deadlines. However, long-term stress can have a negative effect on how you cope with situations and may damage your health.
Diagnosis of stress There is no specific test to diagnose stress. If you think you’re stressed or if you feel very anxious, talk to those around you who are likely to be supportive, or your GP. Your GP will usually be able to recognize the symptoms and give you advice about how to deal with it. Your GP may also suggest that you talk to a counselor. You might feel reluctant to ask for help if you’re stressed or feel under pressure. But don’t be afraid to speak to your GP, friends or family. It’s important to recognize the symptoms of stress so you can learn how to manage them and begin to feel better. One way of helping to identify your stress triggers, how you react to them and how they make you feel, is to keep a diary. You could make a note of what made you stressed, how stressed you became, what symptoms you experienced and how well you coped. setster
There are a number of other things you can try to help deal with and manage your stress better.
Manage your time more effectively and priorities more important jobs first. Adopt a healthy lifestyle – eat a balanced diet, rich in fruit and vegetables, exercise regularly, and make sure you get enough sleep. Know your limits – don’t take on too much. Find out what causes you to feel stressed and try to change your thoughts and behavior to reduce it – talking things over with a friend or a family member can help. Try not to get into situations that make you feel angry or upset. Accept the things you can’t change and concentrate on the things you have control over. Make time for the activities you enjoy and for the things that make you feel relaxed – you’re more likely to neglect this area of your life if you’re stressed. oregonstate
Find time to meet friends and have fun – arrange to do something you enjoy. Develop a positive thinking style – try to look at a problem differently or discuss it with someone. Don’t drink too much alcohol, or caffeine, or use tobacco or illegal drugs as a way to cope. In the long term, these things will only make you feel worse.
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