Long pepper is a slender aromatic climber, with a large perennial woody root and jointed stems thickening at the nodes. The dark, dentate leaves are ovate and heart-shaped, about 2 to 3 inches in length, with broad rounded lobes at the base. The flowers are monoceous and male and female flowers are borne on different plants. The fruits are ovoid, yellowish-orange, minute, and drupe around 1 inch in diameter. The spikes are red when ripe and turn to black on drying. The plant bears flowers in rains and fruits in early winters. The herb is cultivated in Assam, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh in India, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Sri Lanka and South Asian regions. Long pepper is also known as pipal and pipar in Hindi, hippali in Kannada, kandanthippili in Tamil, pippali rasayana, magadhi, kana and ushana in Sanskrit, pippal in Gujarati and pepe di Marisa in Italian.
Uses & Benefits of Long Pepper
Long pepper helps in expelling out the mucus accumulated in the respiratory tract.
It strengthens the nervous system, improves the gastrointestinal condition and normalizes the peristaltic movements.
The herb serves as a good digestive agent.
Its oil and paste is applied on wounds and skin-related ailments.
Long pepper helps in suppressing pain and reducing inflammation.
The herb helps maintain the normalcy of the digestive tract and tones up the urinary tract.
Its fruits are used for respiratory tract diseases like cough, bronchitis and asthma.
It benefits in anorexia, indigestion, flatulence, abdominal pain, hyperacidity, piles, paralysis of the tongue, diarrhea, cholera, chronic malaria, viral hepatitis, diseases of the spleen and tumors.
It is given with amalaki, to treat anemia.
The decoction of the plant is used in sciatica and hemiplegia.
The herb is mixed with honey to control hiccups.
Long pepper is used as an aphrodisiac, since it boosts the reproductive system.
It is used as a sedative in insomnia and epilepsy.
The infusion of the herb’s root is used after childbirth, to induce the expulsion of the placenta.
It is very useful herb and spice. Please use and don’t forget to share it with your friends and family!!!